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Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII), abbreviated SHIA or Soetta, formerly legally called Jakarta Cengkareng Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Jakarta Cengkareng) (hence the IATA designator “CGK”), is the primary airport serving the Jakarta metropolitan area on the island of Java in Indonesia. Named after the first president and vice-president of Indonesia, Soekarno and Mohammad Hatta, the airport is located at Benda, Tangerang, which is about 20 km northwest of Central Jakarta. Together with Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport, they served over 80 million passengers in 2019.
The airport commenced domestic operations on 1 May 1985 replacing the old over-capacity Kemayoran Airport. The airport was expanded in 1991 to replace Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport for international flights, which still serves domestic charter, VIP, private flights, and re-opened as a second commercial airport for domestic flights to relieve pressure over Soekarno-Hatta airport that is currently running overcapacity. The airport served 66.9 million passengers in 2018, ranked as 18th busiest airport in the world by Airports Council International, and the busiest in Southeast Asia. According to air travel intelligence company OAG, the airport ranked as the 7th most connected airport in the world, and ranked first as ‘megahub‘ airport in Asia-Pacific region as per connectivity index, ahead of Japan’s Tokyo Haneda Airport and Australia’s Sydney Airport. The airport ranked as the 7th most connected airport as ‘megahub‘ in the world in 2017 again by air travel intelligence company OAG. The airport ranked as the 2nd most connected Low-Cost Megahub airport as ‘megahub‘ in the world in 2018 by air travel intelligence company OAG.
The airport often struggles to accommodate all flights at its current limit of 81 aircraft movements per hour. Although overcapacity, after a survey ACI in 2012 declared that Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is being operated safely. The two existing runways suffer from pavement and strength issues, which limits the airport’s capacity to serve large aircraft. To reduce congestion and to achieve a target to handle 100 flights/hour, the third runway opened in August 2019. Upgrades of the existing two runways for safety and to accommodate wide-bodied aircraft are almost complete . The airport will be able to serve 100 million passengers annually by 2025 after completion of ongoing development work